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What is Included in a Diabetic Eye Exam?

A diabetic eye exam is a specific type of eye exam that looks for the problems and conditions that are associated with diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it's a good idea to ask for this type of eye exam. A diabetic eye exam should have these important components.

Check for Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy affects nearly a third of people with diabetes. This condition causes blood vessels to expand and constrict, often leading to their rupture. Once this occurs, fluid can leak into the retina, which can lead to permanent vision loss. An eye doctor will look at the blood vessels in and around your eyes to check for signs of rupture and leakage. If found, we will discuss treatment options that can include changes in medication and surgery.

Check for Macular Edema 

If diabetic retinopathy is allowed to progress, the affected blood vessels can put a lot of stress on the macula. This leads to macula edema, in which the patient's macula will no longer be able to focus on incoming light. Patients with the condition will experience blind spots or floaters in their central field of vision.

Pupil Dilation 

To get enough information to diagnose these two conditions, a diabetic eye exam must include pupil dilation. This allows the eye doctor to look at a patient's pupils and see the condition of the blood vessels.

Fluorescein Angiography

This procedure uses a dye to examine the actual condition of the blood vessels in and around the eye. A special camera is then used to take pictures of any damaged blood vessels.

Eye Care Services in Memphis, TN

If you live in the Memphis area and have diabetes, call our office right away to schedule a diabetic eye exam. Call MECA Eye & Laser Center today at (901) 767-3937 for more information or to schedule an appointment with our eye care professionals.

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